Math and physics
Galilei qualified for the national phase of the Mathematics Olympiad
The 7 of the "Pigreco il Avenger" team will take part in the national competition in Cesenatico from 2 to 4 May and among these Stefano Franciotti will also take part in the individual competition, having finished first in the province of Trieste.
In the image the students are in order from left to right: RICCARDO JURMAN (4D), FILIPPO POROPAT (4F), LETIZIA TURTURIELLO (3M), GIACOMO VENIER (4H), STEFANO FRANCIOTTI (4B), IL CAPTAIN FRANCESCO CONTEDDU (5F), MARCELLO FONDA (4C)."
The Mathematics Master Class (MCM) is an innovative project outlined and implemented at Liceo Galilei from 2017/18 by mathematics and physics teachers and with the aim of taking particular care of excellence in mathematics .
The Masterclass program (MCM) provides that the students who form the MCM, belonging to different parallel classes of the institute, carry out the four hours of the ordinary timetable, coinciding with those of their classes of origin, and an additional weekly hour, organized in packages of two or three hours, carried out in extracurricular time.
The formation of the MCM is based on a ranking built on the marks in mathematics, on the average of the general marks and on the results of the common test taken by the students from the second grades of our high school
The program also continues in the 2018/2019 school year (with a fourth class) and also provides for peer to peer activity by members of this class towards students in the current third grades, who are particularly interested and motivated.
The MCM Masterclass fits, on a more systematic and organized level, into the experimental vein and design track typical of the Galilei Scientific High School, in line with what has been done so far, in agreement with the entire professional community of the Institute, in adherence to specialist training for a path of excellence and with the active collaboration of the University of Trieste.
The importance of content as a tool and means to introduce and develop innovative and meaningful ways of learning is very clear to all teachers of the Masterclass team. Considering the number of students and their proven preparation in basic mathematics, the time in the lessons dedicated to repetitive exercises of technical consolidation is certainly reduced compared to the standard times and this makes it possible to optimize the pace of learning and dedicate additional time both to the introduction of contents not present in the ordinary programs and to a theoretical and also applied study of the standard contents.
“ The competition is an opportunity to introduce students to a playful and amusing aspect of mathematics. The teamwork required is an invitation to the participants to rational organization in the division of tasks, but above all to collaborate and respect others. Competition between teams must remain within the ambit of a sporting spirit, based on mutual esteem. The purpose of the competition is neither to select the most gifted students nor, much less, to highlight the best schools. The first task of the school is to teach positive values! Whoever arrives first is good, whoever arrives last was equally good and will be even better on another occasion”. https://www.dmi.units.it/divulgazione/olimpia/
Among the activities for the care of excellence in mathematics at the Liceo Galilei, an important role is attributed to the project relating to the preparation for the various mathematics games and competitions.
Many students of our high school participate in various of these competitions, often obtaining results that lead them to participate in national competitions and to receive recognition in the annual event in Cesenatico. Didactically, the project is shared and mediated by a large and varied group of tutor teachers who, first among peers , follow the students' educational path, organizing various preparatory activities, also in close collaboration with the University of Trieste.
Of mathematical games, not only the competitive aspect is important but also the collaborative aspect that develops in training and team competitions and a different way of interacting between students and between students and teacher
Among the competitions in which the Lyceum participates we mention the Archimedes Games (scholastic, provincial and possibly national phase), the Bocconi Games, the team competition for problem solving and the team competition for the Golden Cup.
(photo: Galilei's team at the Mathematics Olympiad in Cesenatico)
VERTICAL PATH FROM CLASSICAL TO MODERN PHYSICS THROUGH THE INTRODUCTION OF BRIDGE PHENOMENA IN ORDINARY EDUCATION
The teaching of physics in the Liceo Scientifico is primarily a tool for cultural elevation, which blends harmoniously with the entire curriculum of studies.
The development of a coherent learning process therefore makes use of a path that:
constantly highlights the conceptual nodes, revisiting them over time at different levels of difficulty;
builds elements of continuity between classical and modern physics, starting from classical properties to introduce concepts of modern physics.
introduces key concepts by exploring ideas and phenomena.
As regards the construction of the interpretative model, to which the student can refer to build a mental map, it is improved over the years of study; formal tools are introduced as a conceptual resource giving up formalism if necessary.
The use of ICT (simulations, online measurements, modelling) is preferred for understanding theories and models. In recent years, a process of renewal of the Physics Curriculum has been undertaken through a real Educational Research work which consists of:
- Specific and permanent training/self-training in collaboration with:
- Physics Education Research Unit (URDF) of Udine directed by Prof. Marisa Michelini;
- University of Trieste National Plan for Scientific Degrees.
- Physics Teachers Association (AIF)
- LS-OSA project which promotes laboratory teaching in schools
- Experimentation for small groups
- Analysis of the results
- Transfer of the salient points to ordinary teaching, leaving insights for extra-curricular activities.
The collaborations with the URDF of Udine, born following two training courses on modern physics held in our high school, have produced a series of experiments made by us teachers:
- A group of fourth grade students was offered a laboratory course on wave phenomena awarded with the 2017 Antonella Bastai Prat Prize.
- It is already the third year that an experimental course of Spectroscopy is proposed to some IV classes, partially within the curricular timetable.
- In the past year this path was adapted, transforming it into a laboratory path for discovery, and proposed to a group of second-class students in extracurricular hours.
- Since 2017, an introductory path on quantum states has been experimented through the study of the polarization of bi-refractive crystals and simulations with the JQM software.
- In the current school year, an extra-curricular experiment will be launched on electromagnetic phenomena and a more complex introduction to quantum mechanics which will make use of the collaborations of teachers from the URDF of Udine and from the UniTs.